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iOS 获取ip地址

这写头文件是用于获取ip等系列功能的

#include <arpa/inet.h>#include <netdb.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <ifaddrs.h>#import <dlfcn.h>
#import <SystemConfiguration/SystemConfiguration.h>

 

 

获取ip地址的代码有很多

 

这是外网可见的ip地址,如果你在小区的局域网中,那就是小区的,不是局域网的内网地址。

- (NSString *) whatismyipdotcom{   
 NSError *error;    
 NSURL *ipURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.whatismyip.com/automation/n09230945.asp"];
 NSString *ip = [NSString stringWithContentsOfURL:ipURL encoding:1 error:&error];
 return ip ? ip : [error localizedDescription];
}

这是获取本地wifi的ip地址

 

// Matt Brown's get WiFi IP addy solution
// Author gave permission to use in Cookbook under cookbook license
// http://mattbsoftware.blogspot.com/2009/04/how-to-get-ip-address-of-iphone-os-v221.html
- (NSString *) localWiFiIPAddress
{
    BOOL success;
    struct ifaddrs * addrs;
    const struct ifaddrs * cursor;
   
    success = getifaddrs(&addrs) == 0;
    if (success) {
        cursor = addrs;
        while (cursor != NULL) {
            // the second test keeps from picking up the loopback address
            if (cursor->ifa_addr->sa_family == AF_INET && (cursor->ifa_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) == 0)
            {
                NSString *name = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:cursor->ifa_name];
                if ([name isEqualToString:@"en0"])  // Wi-Fi adapter
                    return [NSString stringWithUTF8String:inet_ntoa(((struct sockaddr_in *)cursor->ifa_addr)->sin_addr)];
            }
            cursor = cursor->ifa_next;
        }
        freeifaddrs(addrs);
    }
    return nil;
}

 

NSString和Address的转换

+ (NSString *) stringFromAddress: (const struct sockaddr *) address
{
    if(address && address->sa_family == AF_INET) {
        const struct sockaddr_in* sin = (struct sockaddr_in*) address;
        return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@:%d", [NSString stringWithUTF8String:inet_ntoa(sin->sin_addr)], ntohs(sin->sin_port)];
    }
   
    return nil;
}

+ (BOOL)addressFromString:(NSString *)IPAddress address:(struct sockaddr_in *)address
{
    if (!IPAddress || ![IPAddress length]) {
        return NO;
    }
   
    memset((char *) address, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in), 0);
    address->sin_family = AF_INET;
    address->sin_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
   
    int conversionResult = inet_aton([IPAddress UTF8String], &address->sin_addr);
    if (conversionResult == 0) {
        NSAssert1(conversionResult != 1, @"Failed to convert the IP address string into a sockaddr_in: %@", IPAddress);
        return NO;
    }
   
    return YES;
}
获取host的名称
- (NSString *) hostname
{
    char baseHostName[256]; // Thanks, Gunnar Larisch
    int success = gethostname(baseHostName, 255);
    if (success != 0) return nil;
    baseHostName[255] = '/0';
   
#if TARGET_IPHONE_SIMULATOR
     return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%s", baseHostName];
#else
    return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%s.local", baseHostName];
#endif
}
从host获取地址
- (NSString *) getIPAddressForHost: (NSString *) theHost
{
    struct hostent *host = gethostbyname([theHost UTF8String]);
    if (!host) {herror("resolv"); return NULL; }
    struct in_addr **list = (struct in_addr **)host->h_addr_list;
    NSString *addressString = [NSString stringWithCString:inet_ntoa(*list[0]) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    return addressString;
}

这是本地host的IP地址
- (NSString *) localIPAddress
{
    struct hostent *host = gethostbyname([[self hostname] UTF8String]);
    if (!host) {herror("resolv"); return nil;}
    struct in_addr **list = (struct in_addr **)host->h_addr_list;
    return [NSString stringWithCString:inet_ntoa(*list[0]) encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
}


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